The Solent Maritime Special Area of Conservation encompasses much of the Hampshire and north Isle of Wight coasts along with some of Southampton Water and eight estuaries (Beaulieu, Chichester Harbour, Hamble, King’s Quay Shore, Langstone Harbour, Medina, Newtown Harbour and Yar). The Solent and its inlets are unique in Britain and Europe for their unusual tidal regime, including double tides, and is one of the only major sheltered channels in Europe, lying between a substantial island (the Isle of Wight) and the mainland
The Solent has a large human population, with thriving industrial and tourism sectors, so interests need to be carefully managed to maintain the area’s diversity, rarity and beauty.
SAC status provides a legal framework to support and protect the marine environment from the combined pressures which impact upon it. In the Solent, those pressures include commercial and naval shipping, commercial and recreational fishing and boating, as well as other water sports. Water quality is affected by agricultural run-off into rivers and estuaries from surrounding farmland, sewage releases and many diffuse pollution inputs from the land, including litter.
The Solent Maritime has been designated as a SAC for the estuarine and coastal features here, including extensive areas of intertidal mudflats and sandflats and subtidal sandbanks, both of which support seagrass beds. These habitats provide a vital food source for birds, with Solent shores supporting more than 125,000 internationally and nationally important birds each winter, as well as providing key nursery areas for fish.
The SAC also supports many commercially important species, including sea bass, cuttlefish and spider crabs, all using habitats like seagrass for foraging and for breeding and nursery grounds.
Both species of British seahorse use the Solent’s seagrass meadows as habitat, while other marine creatures such as pipefish can be found here too, weaving around foraging for food and using the seagrass as camouflage. Other notable Solent sea life includes resident harbour seals, thresher sharks visiting in summertime, and peacock’s tail alga, on the very north eastern fringes of its range on the Isle of Wight.
ReMEDIES is collaborating with Hampshire and Isle of Wight Wildlife Trust, World Wildlife Fund, Isle of Wight Estuaries Officer and Project Seagrass on seagrass restoration in the Solent.
The latest from this SAC
South West England innovators collaborate to develop enhanced solutions for seagrass monitoring
A new, non-invasive method to measure and monitor seagrass biomass on the seabed around England’s South West coast is being developed as part of an ongoing, collaborative project. The innovative new technique is currently being trialled by local companies HydroSurv and Valeport, working with the University of Plymouth and Natural England, and supported by a…
MCS Sea Champion: Sarah’s story
We asked MCS Sea Champion volunteer, Sarah Pearson, why she is so passionate about seagrass, what had prompted her to volunteer for MCS and help out with organising talks about seagrass…. So what’s my story – I think the best thing is to give a little background… Jacques Cousteau shaped my early love of the…
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